Swiss Meringue Macaron Recipe

Hello friends, today I will show you the basic Swiss Meringue Macaron Recipe, using the Swiss method to make the meringue. We will talk about why this is my favorite method, many tips and tricks, and detailed instructions on how to make the best macaron recipe!

In my opinion, macarons are the best cookies in the world, and also have the fame of being the hardest to make. And that’s because when it comes to making macaron cookies, it’s all about mastering the technique, finding a method that works for you, getting comfortable with it, and basically getting acquainted with the consistency of each stage of the process, from the meringue until the final batter, and learning your oven.

To see all the tools I use to make my macarons please click here.

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hand holding 3 macaron shells with more macaron shells on the background

Swiss Macarons versus French Macarons versus Italian Macarons

First, let’s talk about why the Swiss Meringue Macaron Recipe is the best for making macarons (in my opinion at least).

The Swiss method entails heating up the sugar and egg whites over a double boiler before whipping the meringue. And once the meringue has been whipped to stiff peaks, you add the dry ingredients (almond flour and powdered sugar) and fold them together with the whipped meringue.

When making the French method, you simply whip the whites as they are until the meringue is stiff, and then fold the dry ingredients (almond flour and powdered sugar) with the meringue.

And when making the Italian meringue, you have to make a sugar syrup with water and sugar, and bring it to a soft ball stage (238ºF-240ºF) while the whites get whipped to soft peaks. Then, as soon as the syrup reaches this temperature you have to add it to the soft peaks whites, while the mixer is still running, and continue to whip until the meringue achieves stiff peaks, which will also take a while, since now the meringue has to cool down a lot before it reaches the peaks. And you should also mix some of the egg whites with the powdered sugar and almond flour, forming a paste, which will get folded into the meringue.

So as you can see, French is the most simplistic method, Italian is the most high maintenance one, and Swiss is somewhere in the middle. The Swiss method is definitely not nearly as complicated as the Italian method, and it adds a step to the French method (heating the sugar and whites over a double boiler) that ensures a very strong meringue.

Why is the Swiss method more stable than French?

The Swiss meringue macaron recipe produces a more stable meringue than the French method for two reasons.

1- The addition of heat to the mixture (when whisking the egg whites and sugar together over the double boiler) helps the proteins unfold more easily during the denaturation process. Denaturation happens when we start whipping the meringue, and it means the curled proteins are unfolding to get organized into the meringue structure.

2- The melted sugar increases the viscosity of the syrup that coats the air and water particles that constitute the meringue, making a stronger layer of protection that helps avoid over whipping, broken and deflated meringue.

yellow macaron shells on a plate.

Swiss Meringue Macaron Recipe

Ok let’s get to the recipe and the process.

Before starting, read through the recipe, watch the video, make sure you have the tools you need.

Here are all the tools I use when making macarons.

You don’t need a KitchenAid or even a stand mixer for that matter, but it can make things easier. However, I have many videos showing how to make macarons without a KitchenAid, just using a hand mixer.

mixer, piping bags, food coloring, baking trays, whisk, everything needed to make macarons.

I live in a humid climate, so I also check the humidity before beginning. If it’s higher than 45%, I turn the ac down, turn the dehumidifier on. To read more about macarons and humidity, check out my article here. I love the humid weather for making macarons.

You can get a Digital Hygrometer like the one below on Amazon. The humidity inside your house is different than the humidity outside, so the weather apps are just checking what the humidity outside measures. To know how humid it is inside your home, you will need a hygrometer.

humidity thermometer.

Also, before starting I like to wipe the silicone mats, whisk, and mixer bowl with a piece of paper towel dipped in vinegar, to get rid of any grease particles that might be on the tools. Is this step necessary? It’s not absolutely necessary, just something I like to do to ensure no grease particles will get in contact with the meringue and batter, which can affect the macarons.

whipping the mat down with vinegar.

Set aside a piping pastry bag fitted with a round tip. I like to use a Wilton 12 which is 1/4″ in diameter.

Place the piping bag in a cup, with the tip facing up like so.

placing a piping tip fitted with a round tip inside of a cup.

Before starting, you also want to start pre-heating your oven. I bake my shells in two different ovens, a small counter top oven, and a large electric regular kitchen oven (not convection). I pre-heat my large oven to 310ºF for 60 to 90 minutes, this helps with temperature fluctuations. I pre-heat the countertop oven for 30 to 45 minutes.

Prepping the ingredients

Gather all the ingredients you’ll need. Weigh the sugars, almond flour, egg whites, and egg white powder (if using).

eggs, almond flour, powdered sugar, and granulated sugar.

After weighing the ingredients, sift the almond flour and powdered sugar together using a fine mesh sieve (you can find the fine mesh sieve I use here in the Macarons Tools post). And set it aside.

There shouldn’t be more than 1 to 2 tablespoons leftover of dry ingredients in the whisk. If there is too much left in the sifter, it means your almond flour isn’t fine enough for macarons.

I weigh my dry ingredients before sifting, because I never have more than what’s shown on the picture below left in the sifter. However, if you do, you might want to consider weighing the ingredients after sifting. Also, please consider just finding a different brand of flour altogether, because if the almond flour is too coarse, the shells will be bumpy or shaggy looking.

whisking almond flour and powdered sugar together.

My favorite brand is Blue Diamond Almond Flour. It’s dry and finely sifted. I used Bob’s Red Mill in the past, but it became too coarse and almost kind of humid for me, every time I got it it would leave a lot of flour back in the sifter, and the flour would feel moist as well, which is also not a good thing.

Which leads to the next question I usually get: Can I process the flour in the food processor to make it finer?

My advice is to not do that because when you process the almond flour, it tends to release oils, which is not good for macarons, it can leave you with wrinkled, porous, or blotchy shells.

But let’s say that’s the only flour you can find. In that case, I would first dry the flour in the oven by spreading it on a baking sheet and baking in the oven at 200ºF for about 30 minutes, stirring in between. Let the flour cool down completely, and then process it in the food processor along with the sugar, so the powdered sugar can help soak up any moisture if it releases some.

Alternatively, you can process the flour before drying it as well, but then you can’t process it with the powdered sugar, just by itself because you shouldn’t put the powdered sugar in the oven.

powdered sugar and almond flour in measuring cups.

Making the Swiss Meringue

Weigh the sugar and mix it with the egg white powder if using.

Also weigh the fresh egg whites. I don’t use room temperature egg whites, simply because we are going to heat up the eggs over the double boiler with the sugar, so there’s no use in having the egg whites be at room temperature. The temperature of the whites will determine how long you’ll need to whisk it over the double boiler, cold egg whites will take longer to dissolve the sugar than room temperature egg whites.

On the same note, I don’t age the egg whites before using them. I have experimented numerous times both with aged egg whites and regular egg whites and there haven’t been any noticeable differences in my opinion, that made me want to start aging the egg whites.

Now back to the egg white powder as I mentioned above. Egg white powder is not mandatory, and it’s not right for everyone. I do like to use it on my macarons, I explain everything about egg white powder here. Read the article to find out if egg white powder is right for you or not, and how to use it.

I use 4 grams of egg white powder for each 100 grams of sugar for regular shells, and 2 grams for matcha or chocolate shells.

Egg white powder is a great meringue stabilizer. When you add egg white powder to the shells, you are basically making this whole structure stronger by giving a boost of protein “walls” to the meringue, which keep the air and water trapped in nice and safe. But like I said before, it’s not right for everyone, for example it’s not right for people that live in dry climates. Read my article linked above to find out more.

whisking sugar and egg white powder together.

It’s important to whisk the egg white powder and sugar together before adding the egg whites otherwise the egg white powder will form clumps that won’t dissolve.

Add the fresh whites to the sugar and whisk to combine. Then you can place the bowl over a pan with barely simmering water. The whites do not have to be at room temperature, since we will make the sugar syrup over the double boiler. The only difference is how long it will take to melt the sugar depending on the temperature of the whites.

I should also say that I do not age my whites before adding them to the meringue. I get this question a lot. I talk about aged whites here on this Macaron Myths article.

whisking egg whites with sugar.

Make sure the water isn’t touching the bottom of the bowl, otherwise the whites may cook. The heat shouldn’t be too high, and you should whisk the mixture the whole time it’s on top of the double boiler, otherwise the whites in direct contact with the walls of the bowl will end up cooking (speaking from experience here folks).

It will take about 2 minutes to melt the sugar. This depends on the temperature of the eggs (if they were cold from the fridge or at room temperature), and on how high the simmer is.

You don’t have to bring the syrup up to any certain temperature, just don’t bring it higher than 130-140ºF, and even that will be a bit to high for my liking, and just make sure the sugar is completely dissolved.

Touch the mixture with your fingers and if you don’t feel any sugar granules you can remove it from the heat.

whisking egg whites and sugar over a double boiler to make swiss meringue macarons.

Transfer the syrup to a mixer. Before doing that, wipe the bottom of the bowl with a towel to get rid of any water condensation from the double boiler, to avoid the water from falling into the meringue bowl.

pouring egg white and sugar syrup in a mixer bowl.

Now let’s start whipping the meringue.

I start whipping on low speed (speed 2 of the KitchenAid) for 30 seconds, just to get things going.

Then, I raise the speed to medium low (which would be speed 4 of the KitchenAid), for another few minutes, usually 2 to 4 minutes. Though sometimes I forget and end up leaving for longer.

And I finish whipping the meringue on speed 6 of the KitchenAid, which is medium (almost medium high) speed.

It takes me about 13 to 15 minutes to whip the meringue (it depends a lot on how long I actually whipped on speed 4 before turning the speed up) but you should never go by time, you should go by the meringue consistency instead.

Even during my lives, I’ve had people literally make the macarons with me at the exact same time, using the exact same settings on their KitchenAid, and it took them 7 minutes to whip the meringue ( my dear friend Lina for example). So this comes to show that lots of things can affect whipping time, such as quality of the eggs, weather, how powerful your mixer is. Mine is almost 10 years old for example, so maybe a brand new mixer will be more powerful than my old KitchenAid.

I have a whole article talking about meringue called How long should you whip the meringue? and you should check it out to see what can affect the whipping time.

Also I should highlight that whipping at a lower speed helps with hollow macarons immensely, because you aren’t adding too much air too fast to the meringue, and also you can control better the meringue consistency so it’s not overly stiff. I used to whip my meringue on 8 and even 10 sometimes, and I’ve changed it to get better and more consistent results, and now I don’t go past speed 6.

speed to whip the meringue on the kitchenaid.

So since we can’t count on time whipping, let’s learn the best meringue consistency and when you should stop whipping based on what the meringue looks like.

First, notice when the meringue is rising around the whisk as you are whipping, and the whisk is leaving deep streak marks on the meringue, as you can see on the picture above.

meringue in a bowl of a kitchenaid mixer.

When this happens, stop the mixer, and swirl the whisk around in the bowl.

You should feel some resistance from the meringue against the whisk. If you don’t feel any resistance, that’s a sign it might need to be whipped longer.

swirling the whisk in the bowl of the meringue.

Then hold up the whisk with the collected meringue and let’s analyze the peak.

The peak should be shooting straight up, not bending down to the side.

It should measure about 2 to 3 inches. If the peak is too long or too elastic or bending down, it’s still under whipped.

whipped meringue on a whisk.

Also analyze the bottom of the meringue collected in the whisk. It should be forming soft but defined waves as you can see on the picture below.

whisk with meringue on it.

How to tell if the meringue has been over whipped: if it has too many short and stiff peaks, and if it has too much resistance when you are swirling the whisk in the bowl.

Over whipped meringue will cause delicate shell tops, hollow macarons, tall and ruffled feet.

Under whipped meringue will cause cracked shells, or misshapen shells, spread out feet, because the macaron batter will be too soft.

Macaronage

Now that we have our perfectly whipped meringue, let’s begin the macaronage.

Add the sifted dry ingredients to the meringue bowl.

Also add food coloring if using any.

I like to use gel food coloring by Americolor, or powder food coloring by The Sugar Art. Don’t use liquid food coloring. You can read my entire color guide here.

You can also add the powder food coloring to the meringue when you are whipping it if you wish to do so.

adding sifted almond flour and powdered sugar to a bowl, and then adding food coloring.

Begin folding the macaron batter with a J motion, which means you are cutting through the middle of the bowl with the rubber spatula and then going around and over, back to the center, around and over again.

I like using a sturdy flat rubber spatula to do the macaronage.

folding macaron batter.

Towards the end of the macaronage, I like to press the macaron batter with the spatula up against the bowl, to squeeze out air bubbles as you can see below.

using spatula to squeeze out the air from macaron batter.

Time doing the macaronage will vary from one person to the other. It takes me about 3 to 5 minutes to do the macaronage. But again, don’t go by time. Things that can affect macaronage time are: consistency of the meringue, weather, how much food coloring you’ve added, how gently you are handling the macaron batter.

As always, it’s best to go by consistency rather than by time.

The perfect batter will be flowing off the spatula slowly and effortlessly. Some people refer to this as “lava consistency”, as you may have heard.

You should be able to draw several figure 8s with the batter that’s flowing off the spatula, and even after the batter breaks up, it should still continue to flow off the spatula slowly and effortlessly.

drawing figure 8 with the batter flowing off the spatula.

And the batter that’s falling back into the bowl should take about 10 to 15 seconds to incorporate and blend with the batter that’s already in the bowl.

batter falling back into the bowl in 10 to 15 seconds.

Under mixed batter will very clearly show the tips on the top of the shell. The shell won’t smooth out and spread out nicely. And over mixed batter will cause shells that are misshapen, wrinkled, hollow, with the feet spread out, or ruffled.

Once the batter is at the right consistency, transfer it to the pastry bag we’ve prepared earlier. Tie the end of the bag with a bag tie, so the batter doesn’t dry out and it gives you more control while piping because there’s no risk of the batter escaping through the top of the pastry bag.

transferring the batter to the piping bag, and tieing the end with a bag tie.

Piping the macaron shells

Let’s pipe the macaron shells!

Place the piping bag directly 90 degrees over the center of each macaron template. Apply gentle pressure and carefully pipe for about 3 to 5 seconds, and then quickly pull the bag up twisting slightly at the top.

piping macaron batter on a silicone mat.

Once you’ve piped as many shells as you could, bang the tray against the counter or against the palm of your hand a few times each. Use a toothpick to pop any air bubbles in the surface of the shells.

Tapping the trays will help release some of the air bubbles and can help the batter smooth out. However, contrary to popular belief it does NOT prevent cracked shells. If your macaron shells are cracking it’s due to other issues and you can try to explore them in the Troubleshooting Guide.

I always bake the shells with the tray upside down, or on the rimless baking tray as you can see below, because the lack of rims allows for the air to flow freely and evenly throughout the shells, which helps with the heat distribution. This avoids lopsided or cracked macaron shells.

The Rimless Baking Tray below is my favorite currently. You can find them on Amazon.

rimless baking tray.

Baking the shells with the rest method

There are two approaches to baking the shells: resting and not resting them. Luckily I know about both because one of my ovens allows me to rest, and the other doesn’t. Being able to do the no-rest method has to do with three factors: your oven, the pan you are using, and how much food coloring you’ve added.

Let’s talk about the rest method first.

On my large oven I have to rest the shells, otherwise they crack, or come out lopsided, or the feet separate from the top of the shell.

So I bake the resting shells on my large oven at 310ºF. I rest the shells for 20 to 40 minutes, even longer depending if they have a lot of food coloring, if the day is humid, or if it’s a shaped macaron. Shaped macarons require a lot of rest in my experience in order to not crack. Sometimes I rest my shells even longer than 1 hour.

Touch the top of a shell, and if it doesn’t stick to your finger, and if it doesn’t form a deep indentation that won’t bounce back, you can start baking.

touching a macaron shell.

Like I said before I bake my macarons in the large oven at 310ºF, after 6 minutes baking, I rotate the tray in the oven, if I don’t the macarons turn out lopsided. Not every baker has to do this, it depends on your oven heat distribution.

Also notice how I have a pizza stone in the oven, this helps with temperature fluctuation, since my oven is so inconsistent. The pizza stone acts like a radiator, so it stabilizes the temperature in the oven, and when I open the oven door to rotate the shells, the pizza stone helps the temperature quickly bounce back up.

baking macaron shells in the oven and rotating the tray.

I bake the shells for 15 to 20 minutes, time baking depends on how much food coloring is on the shells, how well the oven keep the temperature stable, how big or small I’ve piped the macarons, and so forth.

To know if the macarons are done baking, you can try to move a shell, if it doesn’t feel jiggly, it is probably done baking. The next test is to touch the top of a shell and if it doesn’t feel soft, you can remove the shells from the oven.

touching the macarons to check if they are done baking.

Let the shells cool down completely before removing from the mat and filling.

baked macaron shells.

Baking the shells with the no-rest method

I used to be able to bake my shells with the no-rest method on my large oven back in my old house, using an air bake tray, as I had learned from Whiskatx and Nicole from Bake Toujours. However, I am no longer able to use the air bake tray on my current oven, because of the insulation of the tray, it doesn’t allow the shells to bake nicely, and they end up concave, without a formed bottom, or the feet end up separating from the top of the shell, because of the lack of heat.

However, when doing the no-rest method, the air bake trays work for a lot of people, and it worked for me on my previous oven, so you can try for yourself.

For me to do the no-rest method, I have to use my countertop oven, and the tray flipped upside down, to allow for better air circulation, and avoid cracked shells or lopsided macarons.

piped shells in a small quarter sheet tray flipped upside down.

After piping the shells, I can bake them immediately, unless they have a lot of food coloring added (such as black shells), or if they are shaped macarons, I recently tried baking pumpkins that didn’t even have a lot of color in them and they all cracked. So usually shaped macarons require longer resting time in my experience.

Anyway, back to the no-rest method in my small oven.

I use a 290ºF temperature, and bake for about 20 to 23 minutes, and unlike with my large oven, I don’t have to rotate the tray.

baking macaron shells in small counter top oven.

The oven I use is the Ninja DT201 Foodi 10-in-1 XL Pro and can be found on Amazon.

And as I’ve explained above with the rest method, the way to tell if the shells are baked is the same: try to move a shell, if it doesn’t feel jiggly, it is probably done baking. The next test is to touch the top of a shell and if it doesn’t feel soft, you can remove the shells from the oven.

showing baked macaron shells.

Storage

Let’s talk about how to store our macarons now. I store the unfilled shells in an air tight container in the fridge for up to 5 days, and in the freezer for 1 to 2 months.

I love the Sistema and also Rubbermaid air tight containers for storing my shells.

macaron shells in an air tight container.

Filling

To fill the macarons, I have available over 100 macaron fillings and ideas on the blog. You can find a full list here.

You can use anything from buttercream to ganache, and combine them with curds, jams, custards to fill the macarons.

It’s usually said that the filling to shell ratio should be 1:2. And to be honest, sometimes I like to fill them up a bit more, depending on the piping tip you are using, or on the type of filling. Not to mention the famous Korean Fatcarons, that are filled with an overload of delicious filling in the middle.

Fill the macarons with the filling of your choice by piping the filling on the bottom shell and topping with another shell to form the macaron sandwich.

Maturing

After filling the macarons with the filling of your choice, you should let them sit in the fridge and mature for at least 24 hours before serving. The maturation process will make so the shells get hydrated as they are in contact with the wet filling, which will develop their texture and flavors, making the macaron cookies have that desirable chewy texture with the slight crunch of the outside shell, and the delectable soft filling inside.

A great tip I have to speed up the maturing process, or to help soften up hard macaron shells (that became hard due to over baking, or using egg white powder in a dry climate for example). The tip is to place the assembled macaron sandwiches in an air tight container with a slice of bread, or a sugar bear inside. The sugar bear, or the slice of bread will both lend moisture to the sugar particles in the macaron shells, which will make them soften up. Now two important disclaimers about this tip: first, don’t let the bread or the sugar bear in direct contact with the macarons, always have them separated by a layer of plastic or foil. And second, if you are making macarons for to serve to someone who is gluten-free, use gluten-free bread, or go for the sugar bear instead. Brown sugar bears can be found on Amazon, and many places.

Serving

Always before serving the macarons let them sit at room temperature for at least 10 minutes or so. This will help them soften up and become more enjoyable, texture and flavor wise.

yellow macaron shells on a plate.

Here are some more useful links for you:

hand holding 3 macarons with more yellow macarons in the background.

Basic Swiss Meringue Macaron Recipe

Camila Hurst
Today I will show you how to make the basic Swiss meringue macaron recipe. In the Swiss method, we heat up the whites and sugar over a double boiler before whipping the meringue.
5 from 35 votes
Prep Time 40 minutes
Cook Time 31 minutes
Resting time 40 minutes
Total Time 1 hour 51 minutes
Course Dessert
Cuisine American
Servings 40 macaron shells
Calories 40 kcal

Ingredients
  

  • 100 grams white granulated sugar
  • 4 grams egg white powder optional, read notes below
  • 100 grams egg whites
  • 105 grams almond flour
  • 105 grams powdered sugar
  • Food coloring if desired

Instructions
 

Prep the ingredients and tools
  • Before you start, get all of the ingredients ready. Prepare a large piping pastry bag, fitted with a large round tip, I use a 1/4” diameter tip, or a Wilton 12. Set aside.
  • Line two baking sheets with parchment paper or silicone mat.
  • I use a baking mat with the macaron template already in it.
  • Wipe the tools such as bowls, spatulas, and silicone mats with vinegar if desired, this helps getting rid of any grease particles that might be in the tools.
  • Measure out all of the ingredients.
  • Sift the powdered sugar and almond flour together. Set it aside.
  • Start pre-heating the oven. I pre-heat my large oven to 310ºF for 60 to 90 minutes, this helps with temperature fluctuations. I pre-heat the countertop oven for 30 to 45 minutes.
Making the Swiss Meringue
  • Place a bowl over a pan with barely simmering water. Add the sugar and egg white powder to the bowl if using. If you’re not using egg white powder simply skip it, nothing needs to be changed in the recipe.
  • Whisk the sugar and egg white powder so it doesn’t clump up.
  • Add the egg whites to the bowl and whisk until the sugar is completely melted. It will take a couple of minutes. You can test by touching the mixture between your fingers, and if you feel any sugar granules just keep whisking the mixture over the water bath.
  • Make sure the bottom of the bowl isn’t touching the simmering water because you don’t want the whites to cook.
  • Also, don’t overheat the sugar syrup, you are just looking to melt the sugar, no need to bring it to a certain temperature.Transfer the syrup to the bowl of a stand mixer. Before transferring the syrup, you might consider whipping the bottom of the bowl with a towel so the water doesn’t fall into the mixer bowl.
  • With the whisk attachment, start whisking mixture on low (speed 2 of the KitchenAid) for about 30 seconds, then gradually start increasing speed to medium. Whisk on medium (speed 4) for one to two minutes, until the mixture is white and starting to become fluffy. Raise the speed to medium or medium-high and whip for a few minutes until stiff peaks are formed. I like to finish whipping the meringue on speed 6 of the KitchenAid.
  • It takes me about 13 to 15 minutes to whip the meringue, but you shouldn’t go by time, go by what the meringue is supposed to look like because a lot of things can affect whipping time, such as the quality of the eggs, the weather, how powerful your mixer is, and more.
  • Once the meringue gets glossy and you start seeing streaks formed by the whisk, and the meringue raising in the center of the whisk, it might be time to stop.
  • You don’t want to over whip the meringue at this point because that can cause several issues, mainly hollow macarons.
  • Whisk until stiff peaks have formed. When you pull the whip up, the peak should be stiff and shooting straight up, with possibly a slight bend at the top, but not bending to the side.
  • Also when you swirl the whisk around in the bowl to collect the meringue, you should feel some resistance from the meringue. And when you look on the bottom of the whisk the meringue collected should be forming soft but defined waves.
Macaronage
  • Pour the sifted powdered sugar and almond flour into the stiff meringue.
  • Add the food coloring at this point, if using. If you were using powder food coloring, you could add it during the final stages of whipping the meringue.
  • Start folding gently forming a letter J with a spatula.
  • Once the dry ingredients have incorporated with the meringue, you can start squeezing the air out of the batter by pressing it down along the sides of the bowl as you fold.
  • How to know when to stop folding the batter: It’s time to stop folding when the batter is glossy and has a thick and flowing consistency. There are several ways to test this.
  • First, pick up some batter with the spatula and try to draw a figure 8 with the batter that is dripping off the spatula. If you can form several 8 figures without the batter breaking up, that’s one indication that it might be ready.
  • The batter that’s falling back into the bowl should take 10 to 15 seconds to incorporate with the batter that’s already in the bowl.
  • There’s another test you can do. I call it the Teaspoon test. Grab a teaspoon of batter and spoon onto the parchment paper or silicon mat. Wait a minute to see how it behaves.
  • If the batter stays stiff, forming a point and doesn’t spread out, fold a little bit more, about 3 folds.
  • Test again.
  • Once the batter spreads out a bit and starts to look glossy and smooth on top, on the parchment paper or silicone mat, it’s ready.
  • You don’t want your batter to be too runny either. So be careful not to over mix. It’s always best to under mix and test several times until the proper consistency has been achieved.
  • When you hold the spatula with batter on top of the bowl and the batter falls off the spatula slowly but effortlessly the batter is ready. The batter will keep flowing off the spatula non-stop, but not too quickly.
  • Transfer the batter to the piping bag. I also like to seal the top with a bag tie, so the batter doesn’t dry out and it gives you more control while piping because there’s no risk of the batter escaping through the top of the piping bag.
  • Place the piping bag directly 90 degrees over the center of each macaron template. Apply gentle pressure and carefully pipe for about 3 to 5 seconds, and then quickly pull the bag up twisting slightly at the top.
  • Once you’ve piped as many circles as you could, bang the trays against the counter or against the palm of your hand a few times each.
  • Use a toothpick to pop any air bubbles in the surface of the shells.
Resting or not resting the shells
  • Let the trays sit for a while so the shells will dry out before baking, if you are resting the macarons. I usually leave about 20-40 minutes, depending on how humid the day is. You’ll know they’re ready when you gently touch the surface of a macaron and it seems dry.
  • To do the no-rest method, you can bake the trays immediately.
  • The no-rest method will depend on your oven and baking sheets you are using. Read the post above for more information.
  • I can do the no-rest method on my small counter top oven, but not on my large oven, because the temperature is too uneven on the large oven.
Baking
  • On my large oven I bake the macarons at 310ºF, and on the small countertop oven I bake them at 290ºF. I pre-heat both ovens for quite a bit of time. I pre-heat the large oven for 60 to 90 minutes, and the small oven for 30 minutes or so.
  • Bake one tray at a time.
  • Bake for 5 minutes, rotate the tray. This step is not necessary, I don’t rotate the trays on the small oven, but I have to do so on my large oven, otherwise the macarons will be lopsided. Not all bakers have to rotate the tray.
  • I bake each tray for about 15 to 20 minutes.
  • When baked, the macarons will have a deeper color and formed feet. If you try to move a macaron, it shouldn’t feel jiggly. If the macaron is still jiggly, keep baking. Also try to touch the top of a macaron and it shouldn’t feel soft, if it’s still soft, keep baking.
  • Remove from the oven and bake the other tray.
  • Let the macarons cool down before proceeding with the filling.
Storage
  • I store the unfilled shells in an air tight container in the fridge for up to 5 days, and in the freezer for 1 to 2 months.

Video

Notes

Vinegar: Before starting make sure to wipe down the bowls, whisks, silicone mats and everything you are going to use with vinegar, to avoid any grease particles of coming into contact with the meringue and batter.
Egg white powder: Egg white powder is not the same as meringue powder, but some people use meringue powder in the place of egg white powder. Egg white powder is made of only egg whites. They help with getting fuller shells, and specially when adding a lot of food coloring to the batter, because they make the shells dry faster and add a layer of protein to the meringue. I recommend experimenting with it if you can find it. I use 4 grams for each 100 grams of egg whites. You can read more about Egg White Powder here.
Food coloring: Make sure to use gel or powder food coloring, not liquid. If you are a beginner macaron baker, I recommend going easy on the food coloring, as it can alter your batter a lot, and it can take extra mixing time, specially if you continue to add the food coloring as you do the macaronage. Read more about food coloring here.
Scale: Please use a scale when measuring the ingredients for accuracy.
Macaron amount: it will vary greatly depending on how big you pipe the shells, and on how runny or thick the batter is.
Baking time/temperature: Baking time and temperature will vary according to your own oven. I recommend experimenting with your oven to find out the best time, temperature, position of the baking tray. Read more about oven here.
Oven thermometer: Make sure to have an oven thermometer to bake macarons. It’s one of the most important things about making macarons. Home ovens aren’t accurate at all at telling the temperature, and even a slight 5 degree difference can make or break your whole batch.
Tray rotation: Lots of bakers don’t have to rotate the trays 180 degrees in the oven after 5 minutes, but I do have to with my oven, or I will get lopsided macarons. Please adjust this according to your oven.
Macaron School: Check out Macaron School for many articles such as macaron troubleshooting, the science behind macarons, the tools I use, tips, frequently asked questions, and much more!
Keyword macarons

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113 Comments

  1. This is an excellent tutorial thank you! I have a question though do you cool your baked macarons with the silicon mat still on the metal baking sheet? Would this cause the shells to become to crisp?

  2. 5 stars
    This recipe is a game-changer! I started baking macarons in 2018 using the french meringue method (I don’t have a stand mixer or anyone to help so Italian is not an option). I know I baked well over 20 batches, the results were always a hit or miss. Often within the same batch, some macarons would look perfect while others looked like they had been through a war. When covid struck, I gave up on macarons, with all the chaos going on, I needed a more stable desert– literally, just looking at a macaron made me feel so defeated lol. I hadn’t seen a macaron video in over 9 months, so I have no idea how your pumpkin macaron video popped up on my YT home page a few days ago, but I’m so glad it did. I gave it a shot, then binged the rest of your videos since I was so curious about this new Swiss Meringue method. Something about your videos gave me hope and I decided to try baking some macarons for thanksgiving– they worked!!! Last night I baked 4 batches: four different flavors (pumpkin, coffee, lemon, and chocolate) and they all came out looking great! I think in total I got around 10 cracked shells (out of 80+), and some had smaller feet than others, but the tops were smooth and they looked and tasted so good!!!! Thank you so much for sharing your macaron recipes!! ^_^ You have made me enjoy macarons once again!!! The only thing I did differently is use gel food coloring since I prefer the color concentration from those, and I tried both silicon mats and parchment paper. I preferred the parchment paper since the bottoms would stick a bit to the silicon mats, however, they came right off the parchment paper– so to those who don’t have the silicone mats or vice versa, this recipe is still really stable between the silicon mats and parchment paper, you should definitely try it!

        1. it can stay in the piping bag, covered for a while. I wouldnt leave it in the bowl because it will end up drying. Just make sure it’s inside the piping bag, sealed and not exposed to air.

  3. I noticed it says this: “Storage
    I store the unbaked shells in an air tight container in the fridge for up to 5 days, and in the freezer for 1 to 2 months.” Do you really store the unbaked shells? Or did you mean unfilled? Thank you.

  4. 5 stars
    Great post! I have used this recipe with a lot of success. Love it!!! Until one day.. it failed miserably. I tried again and again and again. For some reason my batter gets thicker with macaronage instead of thinner, while the method, bake pans, ingredients etc are all the same as I normally use. I got a new bag of almond flour, same brand but maybe this batch is more oily? Or it’s the weather? My macs come out with wide feet, and they seem to burn before they are properly cooked. Any idea what might be wrong? I baked in small batches of 35 grams of egg white could that be the issue? Thanks!!

    1. I was experiencing the same thing, by batter got really thick. I thought I over whipped the meringue but I stopped right when it got to stiff peak. Did you ever find out what the issue was?

  5. 5 stars
    I just want to say a big thank you! I’m not much of a baker but I do love challenging myself. Anyway along story short with a large number of failed attempts doing different recipes, I saw yours and gave it a go. Proud to say out of 56 shells only 4 were cracked and the rest were perfect! So thank you!

  6. Excited to try this method! One question though, do we need to use aged egg whites like in the French and Italian method?
    Thanks!

  7. Is it possible to over-rest macarons? If I bake the trays one at a time, is it ok to leave the other resting or will it cause problems?

  8. When you mix your macaron batter, can it stay in the piping bag for a bit or do you have to pipe it right away?

  9. Hello, I would love to try making macarons but nut allergy have kept me from doing so. Have you ever made some using pumpkin seed flour and if so how did they turn out. Thanks

    1. I have never made using pumpkin seed flour. I will have an all-purpose flour option coming out soon, I will try with sunflower seed flour next, and I will add pumpkin seed flour to my list.

  10. 5 stars
    I have used this as my go to vanilla recipe, and your chocolate macaron as my go to chocolate, many times and they have always turned out perfect. So many great flavor ideas on the site too. Such a great resource, thanks Camila!

  11. 5 stars
    Grease is not soluble in acid/water so wiping your equipment with vinegar or lemon juice is not going to help. . If you want to make sure the grease is gone, wipe with alcohol.

  12. 5 stars
    After so many failed attempts, I am happy to say I have succeeded in making perfect macaroons. Thank you for this wonderful recipe x

  13. Dear Camila! This is a fantastic recipe. Could you please help me with one thing? When i put the egg whites, sugar and egg white powder into the bowl over the steam, the mixture should get warm? I mean at the end of the 1-2 minutes, when i put it into the whisking bowl? Thank you.

  14. Hi ,
    Today was the first time when I baked Macrons. My children are very fond of Macrons , so I had always wanted to make them.I read your tutorial several times before baking . Few notes that I made
    1) My batter became little think , therefor it didn’t pass no.8 test
    2) it could be because of the almond flour , I think the one which I used was little coarse ..
    3) after baking , the top shell was exactly the way you had mentioned in the post , but the under side was little sticky and not smooth …could it be because I whisked the batter too much ?
    What don’t you think …please help

    Khen

    1. you mean the batter was too thick? probably should have folded longer, or the meringue was over whipped. and also the quality of the almond flour could have played a part. If the underside is sticky it probably wasnt baked long enough

    2. I tried a different recipe of yours to make basic shells yesterday and they turned out perfect. I noticed in this recipe oven temp is different. Should my oven temp be changing with each recipe? I’m hesitant to change my temp on this batch when others finally turned out perfect. Others were chocolate. Thanks!

      1. the temps would be different depending on the oven im using since Ive moved and switched ovens a couple times since i started publishing recipes.so its best to experiment with your own oven temps and figure out what’s best for you

  15. Hi
    I tried your recipe for the first time today and all my macrons turned out hollow. I started whipping the meringue very slovly to get small airbubbles before adjusting the speed until I got stiff peaks, took about 15 minutes. I set the oven for 310 and baked for 15 minutes, next trey I baked for 17 minutes and last trey I turned the heat down and baked for 17 minutes, all turned out hollow, do you have any tips? All macrons developed nice feet and none were cracked, but they never expanded size after piping

  16. Thank you! Thank you! Thank you! I am not a macaron novice but I have suffered from an inconsistent success rate – on the same day with the same recipe I would get macs that were fine and the very next batch would be awful! I wasn’t varying my method so I have always been perplexed why. Your swiss method macs are consistently (like 100%!!) perfect! I am on batch #4 today and everything has turned out beautifully! So nice to not be throwing away half of my macs!

  17. Hi! I started using this recipe a while ago, and they always came out perfect! Last week it became hotter and hotter, and also more humid. (Up to 95%!). I wanted to make some for a party this Saturday, and started two days ago with the shells, but they keep cracking! I didn’t change anything in the recipe, and always waited patiently until they where dry on top, but they still crack. Already have +100 cracked shells from the last two days. I really don’t know what I’m doing wrong! Red al your tips and tricks and the post abt humidity, but I really don’t know what I’m doing wrong!

  18. Hey,
    I have a very big convection oven (10 trays) should i slow the fan speed for this and the temperatures you mentioned are for conventional oven or convection ovens??

    1. these mentioned temperatures are for conventional ovens, not convection, for convection turn the temp down by at least 10 to 25%

  19. 5 stars
    I don’t normally leave comments, but I have to about this recipe, because it’s brilliant!

    I have always been a French Macron recipe girl, but last week I had to make 5 different macarons, and my recipe kept failing. The Italian style never appealed to me – too much faff. But I came across this recipe, and just dissolving the sugar is so simple and makes sense. I have to say, the recipe has been failsafe.

    All the tips you give, and explanations as to why you do it your way, such as turning the oven on for quite a while beforehand, and the skin forming on the top, were so useful.

    Now I can bake macarons with confidence! Thank you so much.

  20. 5 stars
    I’m new to making macarons. I almost gave up when I kept failing at it. But then I came across your Macaron school, subscribed to your emails, and followed your tips exactly. I was determined to make them work, as I love to bake. I just made my first batch following your Swiss Meringue recipe and they came out perfect!!!!! I can’t tell you how happy I am. Now I’m looking forward to making them again. Thank you for all of your tips!

  21. 5 stars
    This recipe was the best I’ve ever tried. My macarons turned out so nice. They were even, had feet, not hollow and they looked smooth. Thank you so much! I subbed meringue powder, and it worked great. Will try with plain egg white powder next, and I expect it will be even better.

  22. 5 stars
    I love this recipe! As a novice, I used to just click on whatever recipe came first in Google and I would get so discouraged when they didn’t turn out. Instead of giving up, I searched more in depth and came across Pies and Tacos. Camila does one of the best jobs breaking down how to successfully make these and this recipe is an amazing starter recipe! Now that I have her book, she’s always my go to when learning something new about macarons!

  23. 5 stars
    Literally the best
    Macaron recipe there is. I’ve had so much success using this recipe. I recommend to all my baking friends.

  24. 5 stars
    I had so many failed attempts with macaron shells. Then I found this recipe from Camila. With the help of her troubleshooting guide, I was able to dial my components in, and now my failed batches are few and far between (knocking on wood)! I would absolutely recommend this recipe, especially for beginners. I also get compliments alllllll the time about my macarons are so much less sweet than “normal” ones. I’m telling you, this recipe is the best!

  25. 5 stars
    I have tried countless macaron recipes, and I have rotated through multiple times to try to make sure I am giving them a fair shot. Since my very first time with this recipe my macarons have been truly bake shop worthy. It’s now the ONLY recipe I use! Camila is so good at clear direction, troubleshooting, and she has a huge selection of variations, fillings, and “twists” on her classic recipe. I love this recipe and her SO much that I bought her cookbook (Which is AMAZING by the way), because what if I can’t access the internet?!? LOL Thanks for taking me from a trial home baker to a macaron maker Camila!!

  26. 5 stars
    Honestly, macaron’s are temperamental to make but my very first attempt was with Camila’s recipe. I won’t lie I tried some others in between but I found Camila’s recipe the simplest, easiest to follow and most successful recipe each and every time and I’m sure I’m now on my 100th go at making macarons 😅
    Keep up the amazing work Camila! ❤️

  27. This recipe has been my saving grace! I tried a BUNCH of different recipes & failed with every one. This recipe is so easy to follow & so informative! Y’all try it. I promise you won’t regret it. ❤️

  28. Love this recipe! I tried it after many failed attempts with the French method. I was scared to try it at first because of the broiler method but it’s honestly super easy! I did have a few questions and messaged Camila on ig and she responded and helped out. Thank you for the great recipe Camila!

  29. 5 stars
    I only started making macarons successfully after using this recipe. I found the recipe easy to follow because it is explained so well. Now I only use this recipe.

  30. 5 stars
    I have used this recipe so many times and it makes great macarons every time!! Unless I use the wrong time of pan, or don’t let dry long enough, or if the macaron odds are not I my favor that day. But most of the time I get beautiful shells 🙂

  31. 5 stars
    My daughter found your site a couple years ago and has used your recipes and techniques to learn the art of baking macarons. She’s made so many great batches (along with some failures and cracks, as well!), but she really likes the science of macarons. She’s made some really delicious and beautiful ones! She saves her pix to post on her Instagram for “Macaron Monday”. She bakes and freezes them to take back to her friends at college. They are a hit!

  32. 5 stars
    I started my macaron journey a couple months ago and have always used pies and tacos recipes. I’ve made many flavor variations- strawberry, chocolate, and coconut shells to name a few and they have all been delicious. Thank you!!

  33. 5 stars
    I love this recipe! It is my favorite one out of the other versions. This is the only recipe I use when making macarons.

  34. 5 stars
    After several attempts at macaronage, I found Camila’s Swiss Meringue recipe to work the best for me! It’s easy to remember and keep consistent. I’ve used it for all my macarons, love it!

  35. 5 stars
    I really struggled with macarons until I found Camila’s recipe. It’s my go to always <3 everyone always says they are better than from a bakery

    1. Thanks Karissa!!! I appreciate it so much!!! And congrats on being an awesome baker lol I think the compliment “better than a bakery” is the best one we can get!! 🙂

  36. 5 stars
    I absolutely LOVE this recipe!! I use it so much I have it memorized and I get the best macarons ever! The book “Macaron School” has been amazing to refer to for something a little different when I can’t figure out what flavor I’m wanting to try that I haven’t yet gotten around to!

  37. 5 stars
    Absolutely love love LOVE Camila’s recipes. My family and coworkers rave about the texture of the shells and the taste. Her recipes paired with her videos and her macaron classes that she offers often really helped me make multiple successful batches in a row. And when I do make a batch of mistake macarons, I now pinpoint where I think I went wrong in the process!

  38. 5 stars
    Best macaron recipe and tutorial! Like so many others have said, after trying several recipes and methods, I keep coming back to this one. I get rave reviews and refer everyone to this recipe/site.

    I do have one issue, while the macs taste great and have great texture, the feet aren’t the best. I get split/cracked feet. Basically a horizontal line between the feet and the top of the shell. I’ve tried so many different pans, temperatures, rack positions, fan on/off, rest times, and different liners (parchment/teflon/silicon). Any ideas? I have a gas oven. Thank you!

  39. 5 stars
    Such a wonder recipe and tutorial! Macarons are one of my all time favorites. Thanks to your detailed and very thorough recipe and tips and I was able to achieve delicious Swiss macarons, my first time tasting Swiss macarons as well! I have so many of your other flavored macaron recipes bookmarked now, can’t wait to try more and more….

  40. Turned out absolutely perfect ! I’ve been using the French method for about 2 years now and it’s so inconsistent. These ones were perfect first try with no adjustments. Thank you so much for sharing your expertise !!

  41. Good morning from a sunny South Africa. Just to say thank you for sharing this recipe with us. I used to make macarons – Italian method – and lately had more failures than successes. This morning was my second time using your recipe and I am totally in Love. Thanks again for this lifesaver

  42. hello! i always use a french method recipe, is it possible to use the same egg whites : sugar ratio in french method into swiss method?

    1. it doesnt work well ive tried a few times. some people still have told me they do it and works well, but i havent been able to make french work with these measurements.

  43. Good afternoon, really want to try Swiss meringue macaroons, and I have a small oven to 250 degrees, what to do? Is there any other way?

  44. 5 stars
    Hi! I used this recipe with great success baking at 305, but I was curious as to why most of your other recipes say to bake at 325? I baked my chocolate shells at 320 and they had no feet and soft tops. I thought it may have to do with the cocoa powder in the shells, but as I read through more recipes I noticed 325 is what you say to bake most of your shells at. Just wondering if I should have gone lower or higher for my chocolate shells. Thank you for all of your amazing videos and recipes! You have been an absolute God send in this journey!

    1. that was the temperature on my old house’s oven. it varies a lot from oven to oven, its best to experiment and figure out whats the best for your oven. and if your chocolate shells had no feet probably means they didnt rest enough before baking, or the meringue was underwhipped. most likely the resting thing because i almost always have to rest my chocolate shells.

  45. 5 stars
    Thank you so much for this recipe and all of the helpful information in it! I’ve tried countless macaron recipes which all failed but this one came out perfectly!!!

  46. Hi Camila. I just made your Macaron recipe after about 4-5 failures with a different recipe. The bake from your recipe came out closer to perfect than any any previous attempts. The only issue keeping them from being perfect is that the tops are just a bit hollow.
    Reviewing your troubleshooting guide, it says hollow tops could be from over mixing or under mixing….huh? How do I know which one?

    1. if you have pictures send to my email [email protected] and ill help you identify, but basically, if the top is fragile or the feet are spread out, or frilly, it’s probably over mixing the batter, or over whipping the meringue. whereas if they have a little tip on the top, and they aren’t smooth, it’s probably from under mixing

  47. 5 stars
    Thank you so much for this recipe! I have been struggling with the French method and today I made this recipe and I finally don’t have cracked shells! I watched your video last night and it was very helpful. I didn’t use the egg powder and it still worked beautifully. I am filling these with a Swiss meringue raspberry buttercream 🙂

  48. Hi Camila thanks so much for sharing. I am practis.ing a lot of techniques. The things is that if I mix the macaron mix enough to make the 8s, then it’s too liquid and it expands too much making macarons of different sizes. But if I mix it less then it will remain with the peak on the top. Also, the color comes kind of darkish, never as bright as yours because obviously I overbake it but if I pull it when the color is still nice and I touch it, the top is soft. Any tips? Obrigada

    1. what temperature are you baking them at? and what kind of oven?
      and about the macaronage consistency, are you talking about the Swiss method?
      Concerning the Swiss method and this particular recipe, if your macaronage is becoming too liquidy could be because your meringue isn’t whipped to stiff peaks properly.
      I recommend just more practice and sticking to it. Can take a bit of practice to be able to recognize exactly when to stop. The Swiss method has a wide range for the macaronage, so it’s not as easy to over mix it, unless there’s something wrong with the meringue, or you are just mixing waaaaay too much.

  49. Hello from Santa Rosa!! I am making this recipe for my science fair project but I haven’t made it yet because I have a question. So I live in Florida and I was wondering if the humidity mattered? For instance is it okay to make macarons when its humid or should I wait?

  50. I’m really looking forward to trying this recipe! I’ve had a ton of trouble with hollow macarons using the French method. However, I also saw your post about how using cream of tartar was better for dry climates and egg white powder is better if its very humid. If I wanted to substitute the egg white powder for cream of tarter (to compensate for the total lack of humidity here) would the proportions be the same?

  51. 5 stars
    This recipe has worked the best for me, but usually for each batch, half are soft and chewy like it’s supposed to be then the others are hollow or more chewy, and I was wondering why? For oven temp I would do 310 but sometimes I put it at 305, some people say low oven temps or overbaking, but it’s never like hard and crunchy just cracks on top and is more chewy since it’s hollow. Putting it in the fridge is supposed to sometimes help but usually never does.

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